My Articles

REFERENCES, further comment and acknowledgements:

(Applicable to Article: "The Photon Particle Exists, but Aether does the Big Jobs")

[1] J. C. Maxwell, "A Treatise of Electricity and Magnetism", Vol. 2, pp. 492-493, Dover Publications, Inc., New York (1954). (These are the last few pages of his work; and, of course, Maxwell here argues strongly against "action-at-a-distance".)

[2] C. Mead, "The Spectator Interview" in The American Spectator (Journal), September-October 2001, p. 75. (Among other things, Mead boldly states that.when we grasp onto some regularity, the temptation is to think we understand it.but the truth is we're still not even close.)

[3]   I do not know on which pages of Thomas Paine’s major works that his ‘sayings’ appear.  Generally available sources on the Internet say that first ‘saying’, I quoted, is in Paine’s Common Sense (February 14, 1776).  And the second as being in Paine’s Dissertations on First Principles of Government (1795).  It is likely that the third also appears in that 1795 ‘Dissertations’, but I can’t be sure. ((However, Carter Mead (see pg. 75 of Ref. 2 above) makes similar comments to my third quote of Paine's, including…. ‘that these are all constructs of the human mind to help us to work with and to visualize the regularities of nature’.))

[4] See Ref. 1 above.

[5] V. B. Ginzburg, "Unified Spiral Field and Matter", pp.155-156, Helicola Press, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1999).

[6] I have oversimplified this to make a point. Of course with vectors, a "set of points" may be compared with another "set of points".

[7] See Ref. 5 above, except p. 264.

[8] See Ref. 5 above, except p. 286.

[9] See Ref. 2 above.

[10] L. Pauling, "General Chemistry", p. 818, Dover Publications, New York (1970).

[11] L. A. Pobedonastsev, "The Ether and the Neutrino", Correspondence in Galilean Electrodynamics (Journal), Vol. 11, No. 3, (May/June 2000), pp. 59-60, Space Time Analyses, Ltd., Arlington, MA.

[12] T. Van Flandern, "On the Speed of Gravity", in Galilean Electrodynamics (Journal), Vol. 4, No. 2, (March / April 1993).

[13] Yi-Fang Chang, "Contradictions Between the Uncertainty Principle and the Constancy of Light Speed", in Galilean Electrodynamics (Journal) Vol. 12, No. 4, (July / August 2001)

[14] See Ref. 2 above, except p. 67 or alternately the "cover page" to that interview. ((Of course, my one paraphrase (out of context) is merely to contrast an instance of different perspectives. Feynman, of course, made significant contributions to physics and freedom, and also became very knowledgeable about Southwest Indian cultures while working in the Southwest.))

[15] See Ref. 1.

[16] P. Beckmann, "Einstein Plus Two", p. 111, The Golem Press, Boulder, Colorado (1987)

[17] M. Wolf, "Spin, the Origin of the Natural Laws, and the Binary Universe", in Frontier Perspectives, Vol. 10, No. 2, (Fall 2002), pp. 35-44, The Center for Frontier Science at Temple University, Philadelphia, PA.

[17.5]  M. Kanarev, The Foundations of Physchemistry of Micro World,  2nd  Edit, (Feb., 1993), see Section 6.4, (Toroidal Model of the Electron) and near the end of that around his ‘Figure 17’.  Available on the Internet at

[18] H. Semat, "Introduction to Atomic and Nuclear Physics", Section 15-25 (Longitudinal Polarization of Beta Particles) p. 543, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York (1962 ).

Acknowledgments and other General Comments:_____

In this article, I have dissented, at times, from "mainstream physics". I have also dissented, at times, from the opinions of others, who themselves have dissented from the "physics mainstream". Yet, I still believe that many fundamental conclusions of mainstream physics are likely correct. But I have read and heard many knowledgeable and capable people who believe otherwise. As usual, readers are encouraged to read other views as well as mine, and to send me comments. I realize that if I have made a fundamental error, I might have to trash my articles, and that has happened before.

I wish to thank many people for their ideas and information that have stimulated my thoughts and work. They deserve much credit for parts of my article that may be constructive. I wish to make clear that any errors, inappropriate conclusions, or inappropriate "spins", in my article, are my fault, and my fault alone! I wish to thank many members of the Natural Philosophy Alliance (NPA) for exposing me to many good miscellaneous opinions and information to consider. Many of them have their own fine websites. The NPA website has links to them and my home page has links to the NPA. Among the many I thank are Drs. Vladimir B. Ginzburg, Henry H. Lindner, Michael H Brill. I wish to thank various other NPA members in Pennsylvania and in nearby states. I also wish to thank Bernard Feldman and Dr. John E. Chappell, Jr., in California, and all others helping with NPA details. Finally, I wish to thank my parents and family for their huge help, for making my ventures into science possible from the beginning, and for making my continued perseverance in it possible.

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Carl R. Littmann

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